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Stone Mines in Iran, the 4th Largest Stone Reserve in the World

Quarry is where a rock, aggregate, rubble trench, moellon brunt, sand, or slate is extracted from the ground. In fact, it is an open-pit mine that produces building materials and rock. Mine is one of the most important assets for a country and in Iran, besides the abundance of stone mines, there is a great diversity of construction stone mines. Construction mines make up a quarter of the Iran’s identified mines.

Iran is known as a paradise for construction stone mines!

Due to the great variety in the type and color of the extracted rocks, Iran is known as a paradise for construction stone mines.

Diversity in building stone mines is also important because the attitudes of individuals and society change at different times, and occasionally interests tend toward a particular stone. With different mines available, the product will be marketed faster.

Iran being the number one country in the world with its variety of color and quality in ornamental reserves

World’s ornamental reserves are about 15 billion tones, Iran being the number one country in the world with its variety of color and quality. In terms of volume of construction stone reserves, Iran is ranked fourth in the world.

In terms of the variety of known mines, Marble 54, Granite 20, Travertine 10 and Onyix account for 1% of the total construction stone mines in the whole country.

Following is the introduction of some different types of Iranian stone mines:

Onyx Mines

Marble is also known as the Onyx and its name is rooted in Greek, means “brilliant”. It is composed of calcareous rocks that are transformed by pressure and temperature, and the presence of aluminum and magnesium minerals in this rocks changes its color. Pure Onyx is completely white. Also available in black, green, pink and yellow.

The best Onyx mines are in Iran and Italy

This stone has been used for facades, stairs, columns and floors for long time.

The largest Onyx potential in the country is in Kerman province, but in other parts of Iran there are also Onyx mines, the most prominent of which are Naghadeh Pink Marble, Shahin Dezh Green, Azarshahr Narrow Green, Abbas Abad Jolfa Green, Turan Posht Yazd Green, and Borg Borg Green, Isfahan marshes are Khorasan marble, Kashmar orange, Esfand Kerman marble, and Sirjan tanguyeh (Talenguyeh).

Travertine mines

There are many travertine mines in the world, of which Iran travertine is one of the best knowns.

Travertine stones are most commonly found in red, lemon, yellow, brown, gray, black and white and are randomly or veinless. One of the influencing factors on the color formation and design of travertine rocks is its compounds such as iron, calcium and other impurities. Travertine is the best stone for building facades and interior walls. The Romanesque style facade design covers the whole or most of the facade with travertine. The presence of pores increases the adhesion of the stone to the facade of the building and its low density is effective in reducing the weight of the building.

Most of Iran’s travertine deposits are located in Mahalat, Kashan, Takab, Zanjan, Azarshahr and Yazd. Currently the highest quality white travertine is Atashkooh white from Mahalat.

limestone Mines

limestone is a type of marble that has undergone alteration under different conditions. Limestone and marble are chemically the same rock. They are made up of Calcium Carbonate. The difference is in how they are formed. Limestone is a sedimentary rock and Marble is metamorphic.  limestone is a precious stone for its beauty, strength, and resistance to fire and erosion. The ancient Persians and Greeks used this stone extensively in their buildings and statues. Compared to travertine, limestone is more commonly used for floor and stair applications because of its higher hardness and lower porosity.

Namin city in Ardebil province is one of the most famous limestone ore mining and processing in the country and Behsang Stone group has one quarry in this city.

Other major deposits of this rock are located in Isfahan, Kermanshah and Fars provinces.

Granite mines

Granite is a kind of intrinsic igneous rock and its texture is medium to coarse grains. Its color varies from pink to bold gray and even black.

Granite is highly persistent for use in open spaces such as buildings, stairs, courtyards, paving the streets, sidewalks and landscapes as well as kitchen counters, floor tiles, stairs, swimming pools, saunas and many other decorative purposes.

It is extracted from the mines of cities such as Birjand, Zahedan, Isfahan, Alamut, Arak, Yazd and Boroujerd.

Mashhad pearl granite, Nehbandan granite, Birjand lime green granite, Birjand forest green granite, Khorram valley granite, Turquoise granite, Hamadan Cotton Granite are among the most popular granite mines in Iran.


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